GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES, STRUCTURES, AND VEHICLES IN YOUR TERM PAPER
Certain nouns and adjectives that refer to geographical areas or topographical features are capitalized.
In a geographical name, name, capitalize the first letter of each word except articles and prepositions.
Continents Australia, South America, Europe, Asia
Bodies of Water Lake Ontario, the Jordan River, Strait of Belle Isle, Cape Code Bay, the Adriatic
Sea, St. George’s Channel.
Land Forms the Pyrenees, the Sinai Peninsula, the Grand Canyon, the Syrian Desert, Mount
Constance, the Plains of Abraham, Raton Pass, the Rocky Mountains.
World Regions the Orient, the Middle East, the Far East
Special Terms the Northern Hemisphere, the Tropical of Cancer, the North Pole
Political units the District of Columbia, the West Indies, San Francisco, the Republic of Texas
Public Areas Gettysburg National Park, Fort Niagara, the Blue Grotto, Mount Rushmore
Roads and Highways Main Street, Rout 447, West Side Highway, Van Buren Avenue, the Ohio
In official documents, words like city, state, and country are capitalized when they are part of the name of a political unit: the Country of Westchester, the City of Dallas. In general usage, however, such words are not capitalized.
Capitalize the word modified by a proper adjective only if the noun and adjective together form a geographical name.
English Channel English accent
The Indian Ocean Indian artifacts
DIRECTION AND SECTIONS
Capitalize names of sections of the country or the world, and any adjectives that come from those sections.
The Jennings moved from the East Coast to the Southwest
Jane is from a Midwestern town, but she has an Eastern accent.
Do not capitalize compass directions or adjectives that merely indicate direction or a general location.
Drive south on Pine Street to the first stoplight.
I spent my vacation on the western coast of Yugoslavia.
The hurricane moved northward.
BODIES OF THE UNIVERSE
Capitalize the names of planets in the solar system and other objects in the universe, except words like sun and moon.
Neptune Halley’s Comet an eclipse of the sun
Jupiter the Big Dipper a phase of the moon
Capitalize the word earth only when it is used in conjunction with the names of other planets. The word earth is not capitalized when the article the precedes it.
Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, and Pluto are known as the terrestrial planets because they resemble the earth in size, density, and chemical composition.
STRUCTURES AND VEHICLES
Capitalize the names of specific monuments, bridges, and buildings.
The Lincoln Memorial Arch of Triumph
The Prudential Building Tower Bridge
The Flat Iron Building the State of Liberty
Capitalize the names of specific ships, airplanes, automobiles, and spacecrafts.
Queen Elizabeth II the Denver Zephyr
The Spirit of St. Louis Reliant
Underline the names of specific ships, airplanes, trains, and spacecrafts, but not automobiles.